Education System in germany

study in germany

Education System in germany

Though well-known for its world class education and top ranking universities, the educational system of Germany is experiencing continuous changes and reforms. Among other reforms undertaken in the last years was also the reorganization of the Gymnasium. The nine year long education was changed into an eight-year education to get the Abitur. Furthermore, the academic system has now changed since the recommendations of the Bologna Declaration are being applied as part of the educational reform. The degrees obtained are now called Bachelor and Master thus replacing all of the traditional “Diplom” and “Magister Artium” programs. This has been undertaken in order to increase the global employability of students from Germany.

Students that want to study in Germany are required to possess the graduate degree Abitur or “Abi”, which is received after graduation from the gymnasium. Meanwhile, international students must show a similar graduate degree. So far, the institutions in charge of the educational system in Germany have not been able to build a central organization for application and award of university places. As a result of which the applications still need to be sent to every university or advanced technical college. The admission requirements are also defined by the universities therefore, different universities can have different requirements for the same subjects.

The higher level of education in Germany is established in different kinds of advanced colleges or universities. Colleges of Art, Music, and Film (Kunst-, Musik- und Filmhochschulen) offer practical education in the arts subjects and they have the equivalent status to universities. Meanwhile, the advanced technical colleges, cover the scientific and social subjects and have a strong emphasis on practical work and application. The other category is that of the university where are offered all different kinds of subjects. University is the only higher education institution in Germany with the right to confer doctorates. They are especially famous for their firm theoretical education, but practical experience is an important point as well. Some of the universities specialize in certain subject areas, as, for example, medical schools, technical universities, and colleges of education. Many of them offer programs in English, besides Geman.

There are two types of universities in Germany; public and private universities. Public universities are financed by the government and do not charge tuition fees as of October 2014 in the entire country, therefore they fall under its regulatory control. On the other side, students attending private universities often pay very high fees, since private universities are funded by these fees. As a result, only around 5.5 percent of students are enrolled at a private university.

In Germany, there can be found much more public universities than private ones. According to German law, education must be offered to everyone and every person should be able to afford adequate education. Therefore, Germany has decided to remove tuition fees from all public universities in the country. There is no tuition fee for international students either. Moreover, there are numerous possibilities to get help from the government, for example, Bafög-money. International students may benefit from different scholarship programs which are often fully funded. However, state-run or private, both types of universities have a comparably good quality of instruction. There are around 427 state-accredited universities in Germany. Together they offer a total of over 18,000 degree programs for German and international students. Depending on the field of study, universities may last from three to six years.

In some aspects students in Germany have to learn more in theory than those in other countries. The professors present lectures in front of students of the same year, which means students of different years do not get mixed into the same lecture. There are a few exercise lessons in which the theoretical part can be practiced and proofed in reality. At the end of every term, the students get their grades according to their work and results of their final examination, speeches, assignments and practical projects. Practical education can also be offered through internships. In some subjects, students are obligated to do an internship which may last for a few weeks or even months. During the internship, students have to work in a company or institution and use their theoretical knowledge in real life situations to gain experience. Internship experiences are often a good chance for students to find a job after university.


Students have to introspect before planning to study abroad in GERMANY. It is necessary to make awell-versed decision before you plan foranoverseas higher education. The country has emerged as a leading study abroad destination known for its top-quality education. Here are the top 10 reasons why you shouldchoose to study in the GERMANY:

1.Top Quality
German universities offer excellent teaching and research, ranking among the best in the world. You will earn an internationally renowned degree, giving you excellent prospects on the global labour market.

2. Geared T0 Practice
German universities provide outstanding academic programmes, while universities of applied sciences offer a range of attractive, practice-oriented options. Many study programmes combine theory and practice. This will greatly facilitate your career start.

3. Potential Unlocked
In Germany, you can make the most of yourself. Here you can develop your intellectual abilities and personal skills freely and reach your full potential. If you are out to achieve great things, you will find determination, motivation and commitment open many doors – both during your studies and after your studies.

4. Safe Country
In comparison with other countries, Germany is a safe country. In town or in the countryside, by day or by night, you can move around freely here. Germany offers economic and political stability, which makes it an ideal place for you to study.

Discover the beauty and diversity Germany has to offer! When you take time off from your studies, there are 1001 ways of finding out more about your host country. For example, you can go to a museum, a cinema or a theatre, you can sit in a beer garden, you can go for a walk on a beach, you can swim in a lake, climb a mountain or visit an old castle.

6.Numerous Scholarships opportunities:
You can apply for Scholarships in GERMANY based on courses and universities.

7.Job opportunities
Germany offers more job facilities in multiple disciplines. Be it in agriculture or aeronautics, accounts or actuaries, Germany offer work permits to international students like none other.

8.Engineering jobs in Germany
Since the German economy is primarily driven by the manufacturing industry, jobs for engineers are usually not hard to come by. In fact, since most tech German companies are involved in advanced and applied research, Germany will always need science, engineering and technology experts.

9.English-taught programmes in German universities
Germany is one of the top destinations on the list of non-English speaking countries with a large popularity among international students. This is due to the fact that most universities in Germany offer Master programmes in English specifically dedicated to foreign students. All study degrees have high academic standards including for engineering and technology specialisations.

10.High standard of living in Germany
German cities such as Munich, Berlin, Hamburg are consistently ranked among the most liveable cities in the world. Big cities in Germany are also, in general, safer than those in the USA. Since Germany is located in the heart of Europe, it is easy to travel to a lot of other European countries, such as Austria, France or Belgium.

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Studying Abroad in Germany - No German? No Problem

Let’s face it -- not everyone goes to study abroad to perfect their language skills. Going for the cultural experience and life in a new place is just as much a factor. Using a study abroad program allows you to tailor a program to fit what you want and make sure that learning in English is a priority.

Finding a program that offers the majority of its courses in English is a great first step. Check out these study abroad opportunities in Germany to find one that meets your language-learning needs. If you’re uncertain, you can ask a question right on the study abroad program page and alumni from that program will answer you.

You can also visit your school’s study abroad office to find out about partner universities in Germany. Often times, North American schools will partner with foreign institutions that specifically offer programming in their native language. It’s not a bad idea either to ask your school if they offer German language courses. Even a semester’s worth of language classes or short summer intensive will go a long way to prepare you for life in Germany. Chances are you might be able to use some of the credits to pad out your degree as well!

Furthermore, many German universities provide different options for varying levels of German-language abilities, including English instruction for absolute beginners.

You can even choose whether to take courses alongside local German students or other international students. With a little extra research, you'll be able to find the perfect program that pairs survival German classes and other subject courses taught with English instruction.

Remember that there is no best option when it comes to choosing a study abroad experience; just choose the best one for you.

For English speakers who aren’t comfortable speaking German except for the occasional “pass the schnitzel” or “Nein!” it’s no problem (or “Kein Problem,” as the Germans would say) for those wanting to study here.

Not only is Germany a hugely cosmopolitan country, with many English services available in its larger cities, but a 2012 survey by the European Commission revealed that 50% of Germans feel comfortable speaking English. In my experience, that number tends to be even higher amongst German youth and students -- the exact people you’ll be interacting with the most during your time studying abroad.

For those students who aren't confident in their German language skills, there are plenty of programs taught in English all over the country. You'll just need to be a little pickier when you're selecting which program in Germany to study abroad with.

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